Montessori toys are toys that were developed in accordance with the philosophy of Dr. Maria Montessori, Italian pedagogical expert and doctor. Montessori was the first female doctor of medicine in Italy and one of the first educators to use methods based on the natural development of children.
Her philosophy focuses on fostering autonomy, independence and responsibility in children through experiential learning and self-discovery. Montessori toys are designed to encourage the development of a child’s thinking, learning and ability to work independently.
Montessori toys also have different levels of difficulty so that children can develop their knowledge and skills over time. For example, they can play with simple puzzle toys when they are younger and gradually progress to more challenging toys such as building blocks or drawing toys.
Montessori toys can be divided into several groups according to their intended use. Some of these groups are:
Montessori reading and writing materials: These include printed alphabet cards, phonetic symbols and words, and writing materials such as spatulas and covers.
Montessori math materials: These include concrete aids for learning to count, such as cubes, numbers and geometric shapes, as well as printed cards with numbers and math problems.
Montessori environmental materials: These include models of plants and animals, maps and other aids for learning about nature and the world around us.
Montessori household materials: These include mini kitchens, dollhouses, and other toys that children can use to learn about housekeeping and daily chores.
Montessori materials for learning music: These include instruments such as musical instruments and drums, as well as printed cards with tones and rhythms.
They can be made of different materials such as wood, plastic, paper and cardboard. In their production, high-quality and harmless materials are used, so that they are safe for children and the environment. Montessori toys can be useful for children of all ages, but are best suited for ages 3 to 6.
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